Career Path of a Web Developer

Career Path of a Web Developer

Web development as a career path has become so vast that there are tons of ways a newbie or a professional can make his career. Though this technical field is not so old, fields of improvements are increasing more and more. So, a programmer might have the question in mind — how a web developer starts working and what faces in his/her career path? In this post, I am going to answer this question extensively.

Web development career is a generalized term of two distinct fields; they are —

a) Front-End Web Developer
b) Back-End Web Developer

FE developers’ main concern is analyzing user experience. They typically observe how to improve user experience in a certain website. They implement a better format for a website, that captivates users’ attraction. Setting the menu bars in correct position, making hover effect on a link, smoothing scroll effect, fonts size, image optimizations are some of the elements a FE developer has to deal with.

A FE developer must know HTML, CSS, JavaScript at the very least. A basic, thought not functional, website is created using these three languages. In today’s software market, if one cannot deliver these three basic skills, they are not to go further any more. Two more CSS file compiler systems are LESS and SASS. If a developer can write a basic webpage using HTML, give it color by CSS, and provide some user input functionality using JavaScript, he is on the right track. And, if he is able to compile the CSS file using LESS or SASS, he has sufficient experience in designing website. There are some frameworks to make a FE developer’s task easier; Bootstrap is one of them. I recommend every web developer to learn Bootstrap to decorate websites more professionally. Since a newbie needs to learn the basic process of designing, he should learn HTML, CSS, JavaScript, respectively. Other CSS compilers or frameworks need to be learned after learning these three languages.

Text-Editor: FE Developers

Text editors are a FE developer’s everyday companion. There are some sophisticated IDE (integrated Development Environment) for individual language based environment. If you want a powerful text editor with lightweight interface, I definitely recommend Sublime Text. Also, this editor is the first choice of 85% of current web developers. This editor has all the necessary functionalities a web developer need in the first place. Indentation functionality, syntax highlighting, 3rd party module integration, minimap are few of them.

On the other hand, a BE developer has to work with databases. They implement a website to the server, manage data, and other stuffs related to the management of the website. While FE developers use web languages to make websites look smart, BE developers are excelled in programming languages. Most used programming languages for backend development are C, C++, Ruby on Rail, Java and Python. These programming languages focus more in mathematical analysis rather the designing aspects. Most often, working in the backend of a website makes so vast amount of code which makes difficult to manage for programmers. To manage the current codes and improved version of codes, programmers depend on Github and BitBucket. They are two most popular version control system, where developers can collaborate with themselves, preserve data and source code for future experiment and so on. For this reason, after being skilled in a good programming language (eg. Ruby on Rail), a BE developer’s focus goes to learn Github or BitBucket to manage their code.

Text-Editor: BE Developers

Backend developers may use particular IDEs according to their programming language. Eclipse is the default and most used IDE for Java development. Also, IDEs like Netbeans or Komodo can be used for multiple languages. What a programmer looks for in a IDE is a good interpreter for that particular programming language. There are a lot other great IDEs for backend development. Different text editors and their functionalities are shown on the given image:

Text Editors and their functionality

Text Editors and their functionality


In this process, it is possible to excel in both front end and backend development, and those who have this potential are called ‘Full stack developer’. Though, becoming a full stack developer requires great expertise and problem solving skill, one can eventually become a full stack developer by regular practice and gaining experience.

Please comment below to let me know what you know about the web development career path.?